Assessment of Health Facilities Delivering HIV Services among Patients in Bonny, South-South Nigeria

Main Article Content

A. J. Onoja
O. N. Akoma


Background: The growing spread of HIV and AIDS among the people of Bonny Kingdom and capacity of medical facilities and service providers to respond to the dire situation have long posed public health concern of immeasurable proportion right from the inception of the Ibani-Se HIV/AIDS Baseline Survey Initiative in 2006 to the implementation of a three-year (2008-2011) intervention programme and thereafter. The impact of the provision of ART and other medical services related to HIV on the quality of care and satisfaction of all, HIV and non-HIV patients is unknown, and any available evidence is limited and arguable. The survey sought to know the number of health facility in the locality, the services they offer and most importantly the number of qualified personnel in such health facilities.

Methods: A standardized questionnaire was designed for facility assessment to measure the capacity of health facilities to undertake VCT and ART services. The survey was conducted in sixteen (16) health facilities; fourteen (14) public and two (2) private health facilities located within Bonny town and in the creeks. In each facility, the manager and health providers were surveyed, with at least one provider selected from the HIV/AIDS department; 10 randomly selected persons in the Outpatients Department/Unit including 5 from the HIV/AIDS services were interviewed. A standard health facility assessment checklist was developed to measure the quality of care, capacity of providers, developmental and training needs. Others included conformity to standard of practice and quality of medical equipment. Data was entered with Census and Survey Processing System (CSPro) and exported to SPSS or Stata for analysis.

Results: Of the sixteen health facilities, only seven provided both VCT and PMTCT services (Abalamabia health centre, Comprehensive health centre, NLNG RA Hospital, General Hospital, Finima health centre, Good shepherd Health medical lab and Chanel clinic) while one (Island Medical lab) provided VCT services; the others provided neither of the two services. Although, there are fairly adequate number and distribution of health facilities in the LGA, utilization of the general health services was found to have improved when compared to the previous survey. However, lack of structured unit for the provision of VCT and PMTCT services, specifically trained and designated counselors; and poorly motivated public healthcare providers have given rise to concerns about poor access of rural dwellers and inequitable distribution of the few available services, particularly to people most in need.

Conclusion: Implications of this survey were highlighted for a more effective HIV prevention and control programme for wide coverage. 

HIV/AIDS, Ibani-Se, survey.

Article Details

How to Cite
Onoja, A. J., & N. Akoma, O. (2019). Assessment of Health Facilities Delivering HIV Services among Patients in Bonny, South-South Nigeria. International STD Research & Reviews, 8(2), 1-11.
Original Research Article


UNAIDS. Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic; 2008.

Spicer N, Aleshkina J, Biesma R, Brugha R, Caceres C, Chilundo B, et al. National and subnational HIV/AIDS coordination: Are global health initiatives closing the gap between intent and practice? Globalization and Health. 2010;6(3).
[PMC free article] [PubMed]

National Bureau of Statistics Report; 2017.
Available: [Accessed on 16/05/2019]

NAIIS. Revised National HIV & AIDS Strategic Framework; 2019.
[Accessed on 16/05/2019]

Rosen S, Larson B, Brennan A, Long L, Fox M, Mongwenyana C, et al. Economic outcomes of patients receiving antiretro-viral therapy for HIV/AIDS in South Africa are sustained through three years on treatment. PloS One. 2010;5(9):1-11.
[PMC free article] [PubMed]

Seeley J, Dercon S, Barnett T. The effects of HIV/AIDS on rural communities in east Africa: A 20-year perspective. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2010; 15(3):329-338. [PubMed]

Sanne I, Orrell C, Fox MP, Conradie F, Ive P, Zeinecker J, et al. Nurse versus doctor management of HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (CIPRA-SA): A randomised non-inferiority trial. The Lancet, 2010;376(9734):33-40.
[PMC free article] [PubMed]

Baltussen R, Ye Y. Quality of care of modern health services as perceived by users and non-users in Burkina Faso. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 2006;18(1):30-34.

Das J, Hammer J. The quality of medical advice in low-income countries. Journal of Economic Perspectives 2008;22(2):93-114.

Fowler RA, Adhikari NK. Clinical review: Critical care in the global context-Disparities in burden of illness, access, and economics. Critical Care. 2008;12(5): 225.

Chen L, Hanvoravongchai P. Editorial: HIV/AIDS and Human resources. Bulletin of the WHO. 2005;243.

Marchal B, De Brouwere V. Viewpoint: HIV/AIDS and the health workforce crisis: what are the next steps? Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2005;10(4):300-4.

Schneider H, Blaauw D. Health systems and access to antiretroviral drugs for HIV in Southern Africa: Service delivery and human resources challenges. Reproductive Health Matters. 2006;14(27):12-23.

Das J, Sohnesen TP. Variations in doctor effort: Evidence from Paraguay. Health Affairs (Millwood). 2007;26(3):324-37.

Wouters E, Heunis C. Patient satisfaction with antiretroviral services at primary health-care facilities in the Free State, South Africa-A two-year study using four waves of cross-sectional data. BMC Health Services Research. 2008;8:210.

Woodcock A, Bradley C. Validation of the HIV treatment satisfaction questionnaire (HIVTSQ). Quality of Life Research. 2001; 10(6):517-31.

Quintana JM, Gonzalez N. Predictors of patient satisfaction with hospital health care. BMC Health Services Research 2006;6:102.

Moret L, Nguyen JM. Improvement of psychometric properties of a scale measuring inpatient satisfaction with care: A better response rate and a reduction of the ceiling effect. BMC Health Services Research. 2007;7:197.

Mesfin MM, Newell JN. Quality of tuberculosis care and its association with patient adherence to treatment in eight Ethiopian districts. Health Policy and Planning; 2009.

Map of Bonny Kingdom.
[Accessed on 16/03/2019]

Canning D, Ajay M, Odumosu K, Okonkwo P. The economic impact of HIV/AIDS on Nigerian firms. In Oadeyi O, Kanki P, Odutolu O, Idoko J. (eds.) AIDS in Nigeria: A Nation on the Threshold. Cambridge MA: Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies; 2006.