Factors Associated with Sexual Behaviour among Adolescents in Chipata District, Zambia
International STD Research & Reviews, Volume 11, Issue 2,
Of late, Zambia has been experiencing a situation where a lot of adolescents have fallen pregnant and has seen a rise in sexual activities among them. This has greatly been noticed in Chipata of the Eastern Zambia. It is for this this reason Chipata was chosen as a place for conducting this research. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with sexual behaviour among adolescents. The study used the quantitative research method using a cross-sectional study design. Participants in this study included 225 adolescents comprising 113 females and 112 males aged 15 -19 years. The study was conducted in Chipata. Participants were selected by using Convenient Sampling. A structured interview questionnaire was used to collect data from participants. The data collected was analyzed with the help of SPSS version 25. The findings showed overwhelming involvement of adolescents in sexual activity (93%). The study found that there where 16% girls compared to 14.7% boys that said they had sex before the age of 16. The study found that initiation into sexual activity was a major factor, with 33.3% of respondents giving it as a reason. This was followed by curiosity (27.7%), a need for goods and services (5.6%), intoxication (7.1%) and accidental indulgence after experimenting with touching (4.7%). The logistic regression analysis at 95% Confidence Interval showed that age predicted a strong likelihood of having one sexual partner. And respondents who were 19 years were negatively associated with likelihood of having one partner. It was recommended that future research with a bigger and more comprehensive participant base is recommended to assess the socio- economic and cultural factors affecting adolescents in their sexual behaviours.
- Sexual behavior
- behavioural practices
How to Cite
Swartz SG. Adolescence; 2012.
Access on 18th March 2021
Sawyer SM, Azzopardi PS, Wickremarathne D, Patton G. The age of adolescence; 2018.
Available:http.dx.doi.org/10.1016/S235-4642 (18) 30022-1
Access on 18th May, 2012.
Zambia demographic health survey, Macro International, Maryland, CSO; 2014.
World Health Organization. Contraceptive Research and Development Project (CONRAD). Safety of Nonoxynol-9 When Used for Contraception: Report from WHO/CONRAD Technical Consultation, October 2001. Geneva: World Health Organization and CONRAD; 2002.
World Health Organization. Global Health Sector Strategy on Sexually Transmitted Infections; 2016.
Global AIDS monitoring 2020: indicators for monitoring the 2016 United Nations Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS. Geneva: UNAIDS; 2019
Access on 23 June 2020
Warriner IK, Shah IH, eds. Preventing unsafe abortion and its consequences: Priorities for research and action, New York: Guttmacher Institute; 2006.
Oyediran KA, Ishola GP, Feyisetan BJ. Factors affecting ever-married men's contranceptive knowledge and use in Nigeria. J. biosoc. Sci. 2002;34:497–510.
Kusanthan T, Suzuki K. Zambia Urban Sexual Behaviour and Condom Use Survey, Research Department, PSI; 1999.
Richter BD, Baumgartner JV, Wigington R, Braun DP. How much water down a river need?" Freshw Biol. 1997;37:231-249.
Sujit D Rathod, Benjamin H Chi, Thankian Kusanthan, Batista Chilopa, Jens Levy, Izukanji Sikazwe, Peter Mwaba, Jeffrey SA Stringer. Trends in all-cause mortality during the scale-up of an antiretroviral therapy programme: A cross-sectional study in Lusaka, Zambia. Bull World Health Organ. 2014;92(10):734–741.
World Health Organization. (2015). World health statistics 2015.
World Health Organization. (2013). World health statistics 2013.
World Health Organization. HIV; 2000.
UNICEF. Children and AIDS. 6th stocktaking report; 2013.
UNICEF. A business case for options B and B+ to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV by 2015: model methodology; 2012.
UNAIDS. Global Report: UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic; 2010.
World Health Organization. The World health report: Changing history; 2004.
ZDHS. Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14. Rockville, Maryland, USA; 2014.
Jama Shai N, Jewkes R, Levin J, Dunkle K, Nduna M. Factors associated with consistent condom use among rural young women in South Africa. AIDS Care. 2010;22(11):1379-1385. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121003758465.
Mahy M, Gupta N. Sexual initiation among adolescent girls and boys: Trends and differentials in Sub-Saharan Africa. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2002;32:41–53.
Cleland J, Ali MM. Sexual abstinence, contraception, and condom use by young African women: A secondary analysis of survey data. Lancet. 2006;368:1788-1783.
World Health Organization. The world health report 2007: A safer future; 2007.
Marston C, King E. Factors that shape young people's sexual behavior: A systematic review. Lancet. 2006;368: 1581-1586.
Plummer M, Wight D. Young people’s lives and sexual relationships in rural Africa: Findings from a large qualitative study in Tanzania. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books; 2011.
Magnani C, Dalmasso P, Biggeri A, Ivaldi C, Mirabelli D, Terracini B. Increased risk of malignant mesothelioma of the pleura after residential or domestic exposure to asbestos: A case–control study in Casale Monferrato. University of Florence, Italy; 2001.
Adjamagbo A, Guillaume A, Bakass F, Bajos N, Ferrand M, Rossier C, Texeira M, Baya B, Soubeiga A, Sawadogo N, Chaker A. Decisions about unplanned pregnancies and abortion among women and men in Morocco and Senegal. Influence of norms, practices, and institutional contexts. Decision-Making Regarding Abortion: Determinants and Consequences. Paris: IUSSP; 2014.
Abstract View: 74 times
PDF Download: 23 times