Liquid-based Cytology Profile of Street Sex Workers in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

Nwokolo, Lucky Chiedu *

Molecular Laboratory, Federal Medical Center Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria.

Irameh, Theophilus Ogie

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Igbinedion University Okada, Edo State, Nigeria.

Obu, Sylvia Ifeoma

Molecular/Research Laboratory, Center for Communicable Disease Control and Research Federal Medical Center Asaba, Nigeria.

Osiatuma, Victor Azubuike

Molecular/Research Laboratory, Center for Communicable Disease Control and Research Federal Medical Center Asaba, Nigeria.

Edet, Samuel Eno

Molecular/Research Laboratory, Center for Communicable Disease Control and Research Federal Medical Center Asaba, Nigeria.

Sadoh, Odion Rosemary

Molecular/Research Laboratory, Center for Communicable Disease Control and Research Federal Medical Center Asaba, Nigeria.

Durojaiye Oluwabunmi Funsho

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Histopathology Division, Federal Medical Center Asaba, Nigeria.

Iduu, Clareth Chidimma

University of Chester, Chester, United Kingdom.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: To investigate street sex workers in Benin City Edo state Nigeria using liquid-based cytology method.

Study Design:  Analytical cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Histopathology Sub-Department, University of Benin, Benin City and the Histopathology Laboratory, University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH)., between December 2016 and May 2017.

Methodology: This study was conducted in the local government areas that make up the Benin metropolitan City in Edo State. A simple random sampling method was used to recruit the 113 participants, after which the questionnaire was used as the data gathering tool. The liquid-based cytology method was used for sampling following the cervix examination by a gynecological nurse. Data were analyzed using Frequency tables, and factor analysis using Minitab version 17.0 and the statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.

Results: From a total of 113 participants within the street sex workers ring in Benin City, acute cervicitis was predominant 7/113(6.2%) closely followed by the chronic 4/113(3.5%). The prevalence of SSWs living with cervicitis in Benin City 11/113(9.7%) revealed that Teenage SSWs were 5/113 (4.4%) and Migrant SSWs 11/113 (9.7%) and were affected by age and duration of sexual practices (p= 0.583; p= 0.204). The prevalence of HPV sera-positivity revealed that 3/113(2.7%) is infected and is largely distributed amongst the age group 21-30years. A hundred percent (100%) of the SSWs agreed to having heard about condoms and have been using it; while regular condom usage was revealed in the HPV sera-negative group amounting to 101/110 (92%) and 2/3(66.7%) amongst the HPV sera-positive group.

Conclusion: In conclusion, cervicitis is the only cervical lesion observed in the street sex workers with HPV infection predominantly affecting the age group (21-30years). Also, teenage prostitution is on the increase and HPV infection amongst the street sex workers in Benin City, Nigeria.

Keywords: Liquid-based cytology, street sex workers, Benin City, Edo state


How to Cite

Chiedu , N. L., Ogie, I. T., Ifeoma, O. S., Azubuike , O. V., Eno, E. S., Rosemary, S. O., Funsho , D. O., & Chidimma, I. C. (2024). Liquid-based Cytology Profile of Street Sex Workers in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. International STD Research & Reviews, 13(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.9734/ISRR/2024/v13i1166

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