Burden of HIV on Society Current Management Options and Future Prospective

Daniel M. Mami *

Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Public Health, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, USA.

Kimberly Morton Cuthrell

Saint James School of Medicine, USA.

Mehrab Manteghian

The University of Buckingham, Hunter Street, Buckingham, MK18 1EG, United Kingdom.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Nevertheless, there is still a disparity in the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART), especially in low- and middle-income nations, due to obstacles such as financial constraints, inadequate infrastructure,and on going social stigma. The future outlook for HIV management is optimistic, as current research is dedicated to exploring innovative treatment methods such as long-acting injectable, gene editing medicines, and therapeutic vaccinations. Furthermore, progress in pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and other preventive measures provide optimism for decreasing the number of new infections. Furthermore, it is crucial to make endeavors towards tackling societal factors that influence health outcomes, such as poverty, education, and gender inequality, as they play a vital role in attaining long-lasting advancements in HIV prevention and care. Notwithstanding these progressions, there are still obstacles to overcome, such as the rise of drug-resistant variations, deficiencies in testing and diagnosis, and enduring social obstacles. To tackle these difficulties, a comprehensive strategy is needed that combines biological, behavioral, and structural interventions, with a focus on fairness and human rights. To reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS on society and achieve the objective of ending the epidemic, it is important to continue investing in research, improving health systems, and promoting collaboration across all sectors.

Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus, economic productivity loss, encompassing healthcare cost, affecting people's health

How to Cite

Mami , D. M., Cuthrell , K. M., & Manteghian , M. (2024). Burden of HIV on Society Current Management Options and Future Prospective. International STD Research & Reviews, 13(1), 43–62. https://doi.org/10.9734/ISRR/2024/v13i1170


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