Assessment and Therapeutic Probability Related to Sexually Transmitted Infections: An Overview

Yash Srivastav *

Azad Institute of Pharmacy and Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Jaya Singh

Tahira Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Sandhya Yadav

Tahira Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are the primary cause of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Sexual contact is the primary means of transmission. The causes of STIs can be viruses, bacteria, or parasites. Blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids can all be carriers of a sexually transmitted infection. STIs Have a long history that began in Ancient Civilizations. WHO projected that 374 million new cases of one of the four STIs gonorrhoea (82 million), syphilis (7.1 million), trichomoniasis (156 million), and chlamydia (129 million) will be reported in 2020. In India, STIs and Reproductive Tract Infections RTIs pose a significant threat to public health. In India, approximately 6% of adults have experienced at least one STI or Reproductive Tract Infection RTI, translating to roughly 30–35 million occurrences annually. A sexually transmitted infection (STI) may manifest as an unusual discharge from the penis, anus, or vagina. discomfort while urination. a rash, bumps, or skin growth around your bottom or genitalia (anus). strange bleeding in the vagina. Anus or genitalia itch. boils, rashes, or warts near your anus or genitalia. Many STIs caused by bacteria or parasites, including gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis, can be cured with antibiotics, frequently in a single dose. In this work, we evaluate the status, potential treatments, and aetiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Keywords: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, management


How to Cite

Srivastav, Yash, Jaya Singh, and Sandhya Yadav. 2024. “Assessment and Therapeutic Probability Related to Sexually Transmitted Infections: An Overview”. International STD Research & Reviews 13 (2):1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/ISRR/2024/v13i2174.

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