Perceived Risk of Contracting HIV and AIDS among Sexually Active Unmarried Young People in Zambia

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Sidney O. C. Mwaba
Anitha J. Menon
Thankian Kusanthan


The paper explored gender differences in factors affecting perceived risk of contracting HIV and AIDS among sexually active unmarried young people in Zambia. The data used was from the Zambia Demographic Health Survey (2013-2014), logistic regression analysis was used to identify the gender differences in perceived risk of acquiring HIV and AIDS. The study revealed that 61% of females and 64.4% of males reported low perceived risk of contracting HIV and 16.5% of females and 16.6% of males reported having a high risk of getting HIV/AIDS. Logistic regression analysis also identified wealth index, exposure to media, having had STDs in the last 12 months, consistent use of condoms with all partners and drinking alcohol as strong predictors of respondent’s likelihood of low risk perception of contracting HIV and AIDS. The analysis further indicated that females who used condoms consistently with all partners were 1.2 times more likely to report being at low risk of contracting HIV and AIDS. This suggests that interventions that seek to reduce the rate of HIV infection may need to focus on increasing risk perception among young people as a protective factor.

Risk perception, HIV, AIDS, sexually active, young people, Zambia.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mwaba, S. O. C., Menon, A. J., & Kusanthan, T. (2020). Perceived Risk of Contracting HIV and AIDS among Sexually Active Unmarried Young People in Zambia. International STD Research & Reviews, 9(1), 46-57.
Original Research Article


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