International STD Research & Reviews <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International STD Research &amp; Reviews (ISSN:&nbsp;2347-5196)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/I-SRR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Sexually Transmitted Disease related research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (International STD Research & Reviews) (International STD Research & Reviews) Fri, 04 Mar 2022 12:52:00 +0000 OJS 60 Seroprevalence Pattern of Herpes Simplex Viruses (HSV-1 & 2) among STI Vulnerable Women Population <p><strong>Background: </strong>Genital infections caused by Herpes Simplex viruses are viewed as the indicators of sexual network in the society. Most of the infections caused by these viruses are asymptomatic and underdiagnosed.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To investigate the seroprevalences of HSV-1 and HSV-2 among the STI vulnerable women and correlate them with clinical infections and other co-viral STIs.</p> <p><strong>Study design:</strong> A cross sectional retrospective study was conducted on female contacts of HIV / STI positive male partners, who were consulting the STD clinics of NGOs and OP section of STD department of Government hospital in Chennai, India between October 2006 and September 2008.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The study included 138 STI vulnerable women along with age matched control group from whom socio-demographic and clinical data were collected. Serological screening was performed using ELISA for detection of IgM and IgG antibodies to HSV types 1 and 2 and co-positivities to HIV, HBV, HCV and CMV. Statistical analysis of results was carried out using Chi-square test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Overall seroprevalences of 79.71% and 74.32% were recorded respectively for HSV-1 and HSV-2 among the study group. Proportionate increase in symptomatic cases were observed with individuals showing seropositivities to anti-HSV-1/2 IgM, IgM+IgG (combined) and IgG antibodies, which correlated respectively with primary, reactivated and episodic infections. Observation of symptomatic cases among HSV-1 (48.0% vs. 4.05%) and HSV-2 (68.29% vs. 25.0%) IgG positive study and control groups corroborated the sexual transmission of these viruses. Significant percentages of co-positivities to other viral STIs were recorded with higher preponderance among HSV-2 seropositive individuals than those of HSV-1.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Comprehensive serological screening and its correlation with the clinical data would be very helpful in demonstrating the impact of HSV infections. Wide screening of STI vulnerable women is necessary to estimate the actual burden of STIs and to adopt preventive intervention.</p> Santhanamari Thiyagarajan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 15 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Condom use among Students in a Ghanaian Public University; a Quantitative Survey <p><strong>Background: </strong>HIV transmission remains a public health concern, with many adolescents and young adults engaging in unprotected sex. Inadequate condom uptake rates have been reported among university students, with women recording relatively lower condom uptake. Religion remains a determinant of condom uptake in certain contexts.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To examine gender and other factors such as religion as determinants of condom use among university students in a Ghanaian public university</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><strong>:</strong> A descriptive cross-sectional survey approach, using a pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect data among 132 unmarried undergraduate students. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 26, using descriptive and inferential statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Results of a cross-tabulation of gender against condom use revealed that males use condoms (73.6%) more than females (63.3%). However, there was no statistically significant in the means of both males and females and condom use (t=-0.810, df=122, p&gt;0.05). Analysis of Variance test of religion and condom use indicated that there was no significant difference between the means of religion and condom use [F (1,130) =2.759, p&gt;0.05]. The relationship between gender and the barriers to condom use was positive and was statistically significant r (130) =0.229, p&lt;0.05.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion and Recommendation: </strong>The university curriculum should be reviewed to incorporate reproductive health education as a core course for students to acquire more knowledge on current reproductive health issues, including condom use.</p> Lawrencia Aggrey-Bluwey, Sam Johnson, Raphael Nyarkotey Obu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 14 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment of Safe Sexual Practice and Knowledge of HIV/AIDS among Female Sex Workers in Port Harcourt <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Monitoring of the practices and behaviour of populations more vulnerable to HIV infection is essential for effective interventions and it is of importance to curtail the spread of HIV and to help generate significant changes in the transmission pattern of HIV/AIDS in the general population. The aim of this study was to assess safe sexual practice and knowledge of HIV/AIDS among female sex workers in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Method: </strong>Two hundred female sex workers participated in this cross-sectional study. Data was collected using an adapted IBBSS-2014 semi-structured questionnaire and interview method. Knowledge of HIV among Female Sex Workers (FSWs) was also assessed with questions on Test for HIV, modes of transmission, prevention, behavioural attributes of HIV and safe sexual practice assessed for with the options of answers of these dimension: YES and NO. Data for this study was collected by trained peer educators who are familiar with the environment via interview method with FSWs. Data Obtained were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics of frequency tables, simple percentage and bar charts using Microsoft Excel 2016.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>: </strong>Result obtained showed that the mean age of FSWs was 25.7±3.7years, majority of the respondent (59.5%) had secondary education, majority (81.0%) of FSWs are Single and about 2.5% are married. Also more than a quarter (44.5%) started sex work at 20-24 years with a mean age of 22.0±3.0 years. Also, majority of them do not have other source of income (70%). On Assessment of risky behaviours such as multiple sex partners, no condom use during sexual intercourse, there was a high prevalence of use of condoms with most especially paying partners (70.5%) and casual partners (52.5%). On assessment of female Sex Workers’ knowledge on HIV, majority of FSWs have good knowledge of HIV transmission, prevention and the need to get tested.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> Though FSWs practice a minimal safe sexual practice by the use of condoms with higher percentage of different identified partners as well as having acceptable knowledge of HIV, the few FSWs who lack this knowledge and do not practice safe sex needs to be re-sensitized of the need for their benefit and the benefit of the general population. Conclusively, safe sexual practices and acceptable knowledge about prevention, transmission and the need to be tested for HIV were observed.</p> Goodness Ene-Bongilli, Sokiprim Akoko, Precious Ojo Uahomo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Young People's Knowledge of the Consequences of Using Toxic Cosmetics <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>A study on the knowledge of young people on the consequences of the use of toxic cosmetic products was carried out at the Institut Supérieur des Techniques Médicales of Kisangani with the objectives of analysing young people's knowledge of the use of toxic cosmetics, determining the consequences of abusive use of these products and evaluating the treatment in the event of irritation or intoxication.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This is a descriptive cross-sectional study based on face-to-face interviewing of students in the period from 1 January to 15 October 2021. Based on a Simple random sampling. Thus, 60 young people were recruited from a population of 1,865 students.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>It was shown that the majority of young people (81.7%) were not aware of the chemical agents contained in toxic cosmetics, skin cancer was the consequence of the abusive use of toxic cosmetic products (50.0%), changing products considered toxic was the management observed in case of allergies or skin irritations (53.3%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Young people's lack of knowledge about the chemical agents in toxic cosmetic products is a real public health problem. The need and importance of raising awareness among young people about not using toxic cosmetic products that can cause harmful and damaging consequences on the skin is essential. This is where the role of the authorities in charge of controlling and regulating the conformity of products released for consumption comes in.</p> Likilo Dangondje Martin, Tabu Singa Brigitte, Buruga Bhanduni Emmanuel, Assani Ramazani Raymond ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 23 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Arbitration in Resolving Medical Malpractices : A Literature Review <p><strong>Background and Objective: </strong>Most malpractice disputes are caused by the breakdown of communication between patients and doctors or hospitals, which can harm the reputation of both parties, necessitating a fair solution. Cases can be resolved in one of two ways: litigation or non- litigation. Arbitration is a non-litigation method to reach a fair settlement without involving a court. The aim of the literature review is to describe the role of arbitration in the settlement of malpractice cases.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This study uses a systematic literature review.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Arbitration is a reasonable method for resolving malpractice claims. This can be done by optimizing the rule of law in the form of pre-contract agreements between patients and hospitals or doctors, and by using the Arbitration Board to resolve medical disputes, especially malpractice disputes before they become court cases.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The significance of maximizing the rule of law as a foundation for carrying out an arbitration pattern is that it is faster and less expensive, and the decision is final and binding.</p> Agus Perry Kusuma, Slamet Isworo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 10 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000